STScI Evaluation Program

 

Evaluation is critical for the development and revision of STScI E/PO resources and activities. As a result, OPO established a comprehensive evaluation plan in 1996 to confirm Hubble E/PO programs and resources are meeting mission goals. A comprehensive evaluation plan assesses both community needs and program impacts in appropriate and measurable ways. It includes both internal and external evaluation strategies, and formative and summative evaluations.  Evaluation strategies include: needs assessments, impact studies to determine material usage, student learning outcome studies, customer feedback via surveys and interviews, educational field-testing and classroom observation, and monitoring usage trends.

By analyzing evaluation results, reviewing current educational research, and staying abreast of the latest trends and best practices, we are able to design resources that meet the needs of both public and education audiences. In addition, this approach has allowed us to establish evidence-based practices in E/PO programming that will be applied to E/PO program development for the future James Webb Space Telescope.

 

Incorporation by a State Department of Education

Incorporation by a state department of education represents the “gold standard” in validating the quality of our products and establishing impacts.
More than half the state departments of education in the United States use our materials as an incorporated or recommended element.
As testament to the quality of our education products, 27 state departments of education have incorporated our materials: 9 as incorporated, and 18 as recommended resources.

Incorporated use of STScI materials

  • Michigan
  • Alaska
  • South Carolina
  • Utah
  • California
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Texas

Recommended use of STScI materials

  • Hawaii
  • North Carolina
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • Washington
  • Arkansas
  • Colorado
  • Delaware
  • Florida
    • Maine
    • Maryland
    • New Jersey
    • Idaho
    • Kansas
    • Massachusetts
    • Mississippi
    • New Mexico
    • New York
     

    2000–2010

    Comprehensive Evaluation

    Associates conducted a comprehensive evaluation on the Hubble Space Telescope Education Program for the Space Telescope Science Institute’s Office of Public Outreach.

    See the full report (PDF).

    2007–2008

    Review, Development and Field testing

    The review, development and field testing of an inquiry-based classification activity (Currently called the Mixed Up Solar System) were conducted by an AAAS Consultant.

    2006

    Field Testing

    Lawrence Hall of Science conducted field testing on the Amazing Space Hubble Deep Field Academy activity included in one of their GEM Guides.

    Needs Assessment

    An education consultant conducted a needs assessment of Student Career Choices through a literature review of current research.

    2005

    Review, Field testing & Revision (2005 -2007)

    The review, field-testing, and revision of inquiry-based Hubble Deep Field Academy were conducted by an AAAS Consultant.

    Field-testing study (2005-2006)

    Designed Instruction. Inc. conducted a research and evaluation study of the Amazing Space interactive activity Telescopes From the Ground Up.

    2004

    Impact Study

    WPI at Virginia Tech conducted an impact study of the Space Telescope Science Institute’s public outreach website, HubbleSite.

     
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    2003

    Readability Study and Field Testing (2003-2004)

    The junior version of the hard-copy Solar System Trading Cards were used in a readability study and field tested with second and third grade students by Space Sciences Laboratory at Berkeley, Sun-Earth Education Forum.

    Learning Outcome Study (2003-2004)

    A Study of the Effects of Space Telescope Science Institute’s Planet Impact Online Activity to determine the effectiveness of an on-line supplemental curriculum activity and its impact on student learning by Mid- content Research for Education and Learning (McREL).

    See the full report (PDF).

    Impact Study

    The IDEAS Retrospective was an impact study of the IDEAS (Initiative to Develop Education through Astronomy and Space Science) grant program administered by the Space Telescope Science Institute’s Office of Public Outreach. The retrospective was conducted by a review panel consisting of educators and scientists from the E/PO community.

    2002

    Formative Evaluation

    McREL conducted a formative review of Behind the Hubble Pictures: Classroom Activities on Light and Color Educator Guide.

    Formative Evaluation

    McREL conducted a formative review of the Educator Guide that contains activities that use the Whirlpool Galaxy and the Warped Galaxy lithographs.

    Formative Evaluation

    McREL conducted a formative review of the Stellar Evolution Guide that contains activities associated with a star’s life and death.

    2001

    Planet Impact Field Testing

    The online interactive classroom activity: Planet Impact was field tested by an education consultant with students to determine whether the concepts and graphics were age-appropriate. The results were used to revise the activity.

    1999

    Field Testing of Galaxies Galore, Games and More and No Escape: The Truth about Black Holes

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities, Galaxies Galore and Black Holes in Anne Arundel County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities, Galaxies Galore and Black Holes in Baltimore County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities, Galaxies Galore and Black Holes in Baltimore City Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities, Galaxies Galore and Black Holes in Carroll County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities, Galaxies Galore and Black Holes in Garrett County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities, Galaxies Galore and Black Holes in Harford County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities, Galaxies Galore and Black Holes in Howard County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities, Galaxies Galore and Black Holes in Montgomery County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities, Galaxies Galore and Black Holes in Prince Georges County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities, Galaxies Galore and Black Holes in Talbot County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities, Galaxies Galore and Black Holes at the University of Maryland Baltimore County with pre-service educators.

    1998

    Field Testing of Star Light Star Bright

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activity, Star Light Star Bright in Anne Arundel County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activity, Star Light Star Bright in Baltimore County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activity, Star Light Star Bright in Baltimore City Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activity, Star Light Star Bright in Carroll County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activity, Star Light Star Bright in Garrett County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activity, Star Light Star Bright in Harford County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activity, Star Light Star Bright in Howard County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activity, Star Light Star Bright in Montgomery County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activity, Star Light Star Bright in Prince Georges County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activity, Star Light Star Bright in Talbot County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activity, Star Light Star Bright at the University of Maryland Baltimore County with pre-service educators.

     
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    1997

    Field Testing of the Hubble Deep Field Academy, Solar System
    Trading Cards and a Stellar Evolution activity

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities: Hubble Deep Field Academy, Solar System Trading Cards and Stellar Evolution in Anne Arundel County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities: Hubble Deep Field Academy, Solar System Trading Cards and Stellar Evolution in Baltimore County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities: Hubble Deep Field Academy, Solar System Trading Cards and Stellar Evolution in Baltimore City Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities: Hubble Deep Field Academy, Solar System Trading Cards and Stellar Evolution in Carroll County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities: Hubble Deep Field Academy, Solar System Trading Cards and Stellar Evolution in Garrett County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities: Hubble Deep Field Academy, Solar System Trading Cards and Stellar Evolution in Harford County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities: Hubble Deep Field Academy, Solar System Trading Cards and Stellar Evolution in Howard County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities: Hubble Deep Field Academy, Solar System Trading Cards and Stellar Evolution in Montgomery County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities: Hubble Deep Field Academy, Solar System Trading Cards and Stellar Evolution in Prince Georges County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities: Hubble Deep Field Academy, Solar System Trading Cards and Stellar Evolution in Talbot County Schools.

    An education consultant conducted field tests of the online interactive classroom activities: Hubble Deep Field Academy, Solar System Trading Cards and Stellar Evolution at the University of Maryland Baltimore County with pre-service educators.

    1996

    Field Testing of Astronaut Challenge

    A field test of the online interactive classroom activity Astronaut Challenge was conducted at the Johns Hopkins Center for Talented Youth with sixth to ninth graders

    K-12 Educator Needs Assessment

    An education consultant conducted an educator needs assessment to determine the level of computer access and educator knowledge and usage of computer in classroom. The method of data collection was surveys and interviews

     

    OFFICE OF PUBLIC OUTREACH (OPO) EVALUATIONS

     
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    1997–2011

    Amazing Space Impact Study

    The purpose of the impact study is three-fold. First, collected data is utilized to determine where and how Amazing Space curriculum support tools are used. Secondly, the data is used to determine what criteria are employed for curriculum support tool selection. Third, the collected data provides a baseline for monitoring growth in the use of curriculum support tools over time. In addition to this, the impact study affords the possibility of establishing partnerships with educational institutions using Amazing Space materials in order to enhance product dissemination. Initially, information about the educational institutions using Amazing Space materials was collected by using online search engines and monitoring requests for hard copy educational materials. Additional methods of data collection include web statistic referrals and trends; databases such as ERIC, LexisNexus, and ICON; NASA’s NEEIS system; publications; colleagues; professional organizations and institutions; partners who share field-testing data; and targets of opportunity.

    2010

    Tactile Astronomy Website – Image of the Month Formative Evaluation

    The purpose of this study was to conduct formative evaluation on the materials created for distribution on the Tactile Astronomy website.

    20th Anniversary Formative Evaluation and Impact

    The purpose of this study was to conduct a formative evaluation of the 20th anniversary products and also to determine the impact of the 20th anniversary celebration.

    Student ERO Pilot Project Formative Evaluation

    The purpose of this study is to conduct a formative study to determine whether this project can be done on a larger scale.

    HubbleSite Exoplanets Web site Formative Evaluation

    The purpose was to provide formative evaluation for the Exoplanets website.

    2009

    Amazing Space’s SM4 website and DVD Formative Evaluation

    The purpose was to provide formative evaluation of the materials contained in the Servicing Mission 4 website.

    OPO’s IYA projects Impact Study

    The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of the products and programs created to celebrate the IYA project. This evaluation includes surveys and interviews of the library staff who hosted the “Visions of the Universe: Four Centuries of Discoveries” traveling exhibit. An evaluation of the IYA Image Unveiling is also underway.

    ViewSpace Audience Evaluation

    The purpose of the study is to determine how ViewSpace is being implemented by various venues and the impact it is having upon the informal
    education community.

    9-12 Educator Needs Assessment

    The purpose of this needs assessment was to determine high school physics educators’ needs for instructional resource materials.

    2008

    Local Educators Needs Assessment

    Assessment of local educators regarding their needs in meeting the requirements for the Maryland School Assessment (MSA) Science achievement tests

    HubbleSite Dark Energy WebSite Formative Evaluation

    The purpose was to provide formative evaluation for the Dark Energy website.

    2007

    K-12 Educator Needs Assessment

    The purpose of this assessment was to determine educator’s familiarity and interpretation of using data in the classroom. The method of data collection was surveys and interviews.

     
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    2006

    Youth for Astronomy and Engineering Pilot Test

    The purpose of this test was to determine the effectiveness of implementing a career education program for local youth. Specifically, we were looking at the partnership between the Institute and local schools, professional development needs for scientists and engineers, as well as the effectiveness of this type of collaboration.

    HubbleSite: NewsCenter Usability Testing

    The purpose of this testing was to identify how users navigate the Website and search for current news and educational information. The data was collected through observation of users who completed a scripted scenario. The user’s voice and computer actions were recorded and analyzed.

    Solar System Classification Activity Field Testing

    The purpose of field-testing was to observe how middle school educators at Louisiana State University received and interacted with the Solar System Classification Activity. We were targeting the teacher’s understanding and implementation of science concepts, logarithmic graphs, and graphical correlation ideas. The results were used to revise the activity.

    Solar System Classification Activity Field Testing

    The purpose of field-testing was to observe how educators at Mid-Atlantic Planetarium Society (MAPS) received and interacted with the Solar System Classification Activity. We were targeting the educator’s understanding and implementation of science concepts, logarithmic graphs, and graphical correlation ideas. The purpose was to determine whether this type of activity can be used by the informal education community.

    2005

    HST 15th Anniversary Impact Study

    The purpose was to determine the impact of the promotional materials associated with the launch of the new Online Exploration, Telescopes from the Ground Up. We were identifying effective ways of reaching and broadening the target audience. The methods of data collection included surveys, Internet searches, and interviews.

    K-12 Educator Needs Assessment

    The purpose of this assessment was to determine educator’s needs concerning professional development at professional meetings such as the National Science Teacher’s Association (NSTA)

    Telescopes from the Ground Up Field Testing

    Field Testing of the Online Exploration, Telescopes from the Ground Up (online interactive activity) was conducted with Villa Julie College sophomores to discern whether the materials were appropriate for pre-service educators. We were targeting the student’s understanding and usage of science background information and interactive graphics. Field testing was conducted using selected portions of the interactive activity on computers operated by individual students. The results were used to revise the activity.

    Telescopes from the Ground Up Field Testing

    Field Testing of the Online Exploration, Telescopes from the Ground Up (online interactive activity) was conducted with Youth Benefit Elementary School fifth graders to discern whether the materials were appropriate for this grade level. We were targeting the student’s understanding and usage of vocabulary, science concepts and graphics Field testing was conducted using selected portions of the interactive activity on computers operated by individual students. The results were used to revise the activity.

    Solar System Classification Activity Field Testing

    The purpose of field-testing was to observe how the Cross Roads middle school students received and interacted with the Solar System Classification Activity. We were targeting the student’s understanding and usage of vocabulary, science concepts, necessary logarithmic graphs, and graphical correlation ideas. The results were used to revise the activity.

    2004

    K-14 Educator Needs assessment

    The purpose of the assessment was to determine the educators’ understanding, and implementation of student misconceptions in science. Methods of data collection included surveys and interviews.

    HubbleSite Usability Testing

    The purpose was to determine the effectiveness of the newly designed navigation framework. The data was collected through observation of users who completed a scripted scenario.

    HubbleSite: NewsCenter Usability Testing

    The purpose of this testing was to identify how users navigate the Website and search for current news information. The data was collected through observation of users who completed a scripted scenario.

    ViewSpace Impact Study

    The purpose of this evaluation was to survey informal science venues using ViewSpace to determine its effectiveness. A telephone survey of museum staff was conducted to collect the data.

    Solar System Classification Activity Field Testing

    The purpose of field-testing was to observe how pre-service teachers from Villa Julie college received and interacted with the Solar System Classification Activity. The activity challenged these soon-to-be teachers to think in new ways about how they might classify and organize objects found in our Solar System based upon recent discoveries.

     
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    2003

    K-12 Educator Needs assessment

    The purpose of the assessment was to determine the educators’ understanding, level of comfort, and implementation of inquiry learning. Methods of data collection included surveys and interviews.

    Science Museum Needs Assessment

    The purpose of the assessment was to identify what services best supports the informal science community. The data was collected via survey mailed to selected museums.

    Astronomy Day Impact Study

    The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of the Office of Public Outreach’s efforts to support Astronomy Day. We wanted to determine how the formal and informal education community used HST education materials for events. The methods of data collection included mailed surveys and telephone interviews.

    Space Science Education Resource Directory (SSERD) Usability Testing

    The purpose of the testing was to identify how educators used specific features such as the “shopping cart” and the advanced search. The data was collected via observation of users who completed a scripted scenario.

    2002

    K-12 Educator Needs Assessment

    The purpose of the assessment was to determine the role that interdisciplinary materials played in space science curriculum. Specifically we were interested in learning whether interdisciplinary materials were needed. Methods of data collection included surveys and interviews.

    Journalist Needs Assessment Survey

    The purpose of the assessment was to identify specific tools and information that journalists may need when covering HST stories. The data was collected via surveys and interviews at the American Astronomical Society (AAS) conventions.

    HubbleSite: Behind The Pictures Formative Review

    The purpose of the formative review was to gather information regarding the quality and feasibility of using image-processing materials for educational purposes.

    HubbleSite: HST model Formative Review

    The purpose the formative review was to gather information regarding the quality and feasibility of using the HST model for education purposes, specifically in relation to technology education standards.

    Origins Program Evaluation

    The purpose of the program evaluation was to determine the effectiveness of the program in meeting their established goals. The method of data collection was telephone interviews with mission E/PO managers and staff.

    SSERD Usability Testing

    The purpose of the testing was to identify how educator searched the SSERD for space science resources. Specifically, we focused on topics, grade level and keywords to determine what they were more likely to use when searching. The data was collected via observation of users who completed a scripted scenario.

    Impact Study

    The purpose of this impact study was to determine the impact of Servicing Mission 3B which featured the promotional materials associated with the redesign and update of the former Astronaut Challenge interactive activity whose name was changed to Mission Mastermind.

     

    2001

    K-12 Educator Needs Assessment

    The purpose of the assessment was to determine how educators used standards and what role did the standards play in the resources they selected. We were interested in learning what we could provide educators to make it easier to use their standards. Methods of data collection included surveys and interviews.

    Journalist Needs Assessment Survey

    The purpose of the assessment was to identify specific tools and information that journalists may need when covering HST stories. We were comparing the professional science writer with the general reporter to determine what each needed to write successful science stories. The data was collected via surveys and interviews at AAS conventions.

    SSERD Usability Testing

    The purpose of the testing was to identify the specific features that facilitate easy navigation for the education community. The data was collected via observation of users who completed a scripted scenario.

    SSERD Needs Assessment

    The purpose of the assessment was to identify how K-12 educators search for and use metadata to locate space science resources. The data was collected through surveys and interviews.

    Formative Evaluation

    The purpose of the formative review was to gather information regarding the quality of navigation and usability of the Planet Impact interactive activity.

    Planet Impact Field Testing

    Field testing of the online interactive classroom activity: Planet Impact was conducted with educators at the Goddard Space Flight Center. The purpose of the study was to determine whether the functionality of the interactive lesson explained the science concept of the Law of Universal Gravitation. The results were used to revise the activity.

     
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    2000

    K-12 Educator Needs Assessment

    The purpose of the assessment was to determine what educators needed to implement effective space science curriculum as well as to determine the types of NASA resources that educators use in the classroom. Methods of data collection included surveys and interviews.

    SSERD Needs Assessment

    The purpose of the assessment was to identify how K-12 educators search for space science resources as well as the criteria they use to select them for inclusion in their curriculum. The data was collected through surveys and interviews.

    Formative Evaluation

    The purpose of the formative review was to gather information regarding the quality of navigation and usability of the Comets interactive activity.

    1999

    K-12 Educator Needs Assessment

    The purpose of the assessment was to determine the space science topics currently being taught as well as what additional science content support materials they needed. Methods of data collection included surveys and interviews.

    SSERD Needs Assessment
    The purpose of the assessment was to identify the space science topics taught and how K-12 educators search for space science resources. The data was collected through surveys and interviews.

    Impact Study
    The purpose of this impact study was to determine the impact of Servicing Mission 3A which featured the promotional materials.

    1998

    K-12 Educator Needs Assessment

    The purpose of the assessment was to determine what educators needed to effectively implement the Amazing Space online interactive activities in terms of the format and content of the science background information. Methods of data collection included surveys and interviews.

    Formative Evaluation

    The purpose of the formative review was to gather information regarding the quality and of navigation usability of the Galaxies Galore, Games and More interactive activity.

    1997

    K-12 Educator Needs Assessment

    The purpose of the assessment was to determine what educators needed to effectively implement the Amazing Space online interactive activities in terms of support materials for the teacher’s pages specifically, their needs for science background information and computer technology support. Methods of data collection included surveys and interviews.

    Scientist/Educator Partnership Needs Assessment

    The purpose of this assessment was to determine what information educators and scientist needed to work in a partnership developing educational materials. The method of data collection was interviews.

    Impact Study

    The purpose of this impact study was to determine the impact of Servicing Mission 2 which featured the promotional materials associated with the Astronaut Challenge interactive activity launched in 1996.

    1996

    Program Evaluation

    The purpose of this evaluation was to determine the HST materials that were being used and disseminated through the Educator Resource Centers. The method of data collection was via telephone interviews.

     

    NASA EARTH & SPACE SCIENCE EDUCATION PRODUCT REVIEW 

    Conducted by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies

    When products are deemed ready for dissemination, they are submitted for NASA Earth and Space Science Education Product Review, carried out by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES). This is a requirement for all NASA SMD education programs. Review criteria include relevance, accuracy, alignment to National Education Standards, effective instructional practices and appropriate student assessment. 

     

    2012

    • NGC 3314: Overlapping Galaxies Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of Nature’s Deception: Overlapping Galaxies
    • 30 Doradus Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of Star Formation

    2011

    • Star-forming Nebula NGC 3603 Lithograph and Classroom Activity:  In Search of Stellar Evolution
    • Section of the Amazing Space Website: Tactile Astronomy: Making the Universe Touchable 
    • The Carina Nebula Pillar Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of...Star Formation 
    • The Core of Omega Centauri (NGC 5139) Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of...Stellar Evolution

    2010

    • Star Witness News article: Lunar Double Whammy: Two Spacecraft Crash into Moon in Hunt for Water
    • The Pillar in the Carina Nebula Lithograph and Classroom Activity:  In Search of … Star Birth
    • The Butterfly Nebula, NGC 6302 Lithograph and Classroom Activity:  In Search of … Stellar Death
    • Star Witness News Articles: Hubble Is Back in Business, Hubble Images Inspire Student Creativity, & Exploring the Universe during IYA

    2009

    • Hubble Space Telescope Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of … Hubble’s Science Instruments
    • Visions of the Universe: Four Centuries of Discovery Traveling Exhibit
    • Apr 147 Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of… Arp’s Galaxies
    • Cat's Eye Nebula (NGC 6543) Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of … the Complex Structures of Planetary Nebulae, Globular Cluster M80 Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of … Star Clusters, Saturn's Rings Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of… Saturn’s Rings, Stellar Spire in the Eagle Nebula Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of . . . Star Formation, and The Helix Nebula • NGC 7293 Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of… Planetary Nebulae
    • Star Witness News articles: What Comes Around, Goes Around: Celebrating Hubble's 100,000th Orbit, What Comes Around, Goes Around: Celebrating Hubble's 100,000th Orbit
    • Close Encounters of the Galactic Kind, A Year to Celebrate Astronomy, Returning Comet Holmes Dazzles Sky Watchers, Dawn Spacecraft Will Go Asteroid-Hopping, Birthday Wishes for Hubble, New Horizons: A Pluto-bound Spacecraft Gets a Boost From Jupiter, Albert Einstein: A Genius, Relatively Speaking, Xena: The Tenth Planet?, New Moons for Pluto!, Hubble: A Lunar Prospecting Machine, Hubble Witnesses Fireworks From Comet Collision, Hubble's Picture Book of the Universe, The Hubble Space Telescope: Time Machine to the Galaxies, Closing in on Saturn's Rings, The Red Planet: Up Close and Personal, and  No Spring Picnic on Neptune
    • The Supernova SN1006 Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of … Supernova Remnants 
    • From Questions to Discoveries: Exploring with Light and Color Student Workbook & Educator Instructions

    2008

    • Online Exploration: Telescopes From the Ground Up
    • The Hubble Ultra Deep Field Lithograph and Classroom Activity:  In Search of … Galaxy Evolution 
    • Star Witness News Article: Preparing for Hubble’s Servicing Mission 4
    • Diverse Galaxies Lithograph and Classroom Activity:   In Search of … Galaxy Types

    2007

    • Planetary Nebula NGC 2440 Lithograph and Classroom Activity:  In Search of … Stellar Death
    • M82: A Starburst Galaxy Lithograph and Classroom Activity:  In Search of…Starburst Galaxies
    • Jupiter’s Red Spot Jr. Lithograph and Classroom Activity:  In Search of … Monster Storms

    2006

    • NGC 346 in the Small Magellanic Cloud Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of … Stellar Populations
    • Star Witness News Article: Hubble Snaps Orion in Picture-Perfect Glory
    • Comparison of comets and asteroids Graphic Organizer
    • M101: The Pinwheel Galaxy Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of … Spiral Galaxies
    • The Crab Nebula (M1) Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of … Supernova Remnants

    2005

    • The Helix Nebula - NGC 7293 Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of … Planetary Nebulae
    • Mars 2003: Closest Approach Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of … Planet Mars
    • M104: The Sombrero Galaxy Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of … Galaxy Orientation
    • The Warped Galaxy ESO 510 G13 Lithograph and Classroom Activity: In Search of … Galaxies
    • The Whirlpool Galaxy (M 51) and Companion Galaxy Lithograph and Classroom Activity: Search of … Interacting Galaxies
    • Galaxy Trading Cards
    • Solar System Trading Cards
    • Solar System Trading Cards – Junior Edition
    • The Hubble Deep Field Poster
    • Stellar Fingerprints: The Spectra of Stars Educator Guide

    2004

    • Amazing Space Website review

    2003

    • Galaxy Trading Card Educator Guide